Routine Memorial (t'i-pên)A memorial from the Provincial Governor of Shanhsi, reporting that the addition of honorary
Item No. : 031608
As in the Ming, central and local officials in the Ch'ing used the t'i-pên to submit reports concerning administrative activities. Attached at the end of most t'i-pên was a slip of paper, called t'ieh-huang, which summarized the contents. Each t'i-pên was presented to the emperor for "endorsement" (p'i-hung) with one or several proposals (p'iao-ni) written on a slip or several slips of paper for imperial selection.