Patent by Command to Grant Chu San-t’ai the Title of Pai-t’a-la-pu-le ha-fan or
Item No. : 103986
A.D.1652, Ch'ing dynasty
Height 43, width 98.7cm
In the Ch’ing dynasty, the “patent by command”(ch’ih-ming) was bestowed by the Emperor or obtained through inheritance. There was a limitation on the numbers of generations who could inherit this title. The ch’ih-ming conferred titles of honor on officials of the sixth rank or lower. Pai-t’a-la-pu-le ha-fan was ranked seventh in this nine grade nobility. In 1735, the title Pai-t’a-la-pu-le ha-fan was changed to Cavalry Commander.