Patent by Ordinance to Grant T’ung-hai the Title of Chung-hsien-ta-fu
Item No. : 038250
In the Qing dynasty, the “patent by ordinance”(kao-ming) was bestowed by the Emperor or obtained through inheritance with no limitation on generation of inheritance. It conferred titles of honor on officials of the fifth rank or higher. The title of Chung-hsien-ta-fu was conferred to officials of the fourth rank.