According to the Qing code, officials submitted congratulatory memorials to the emperor and empress dowager on Three Imperial Festivals: the New Year’s Day, Winter Solstice, and Emperor’s birthday. The emperor also sent congratulatory memorials to the empress dowager on festive occasions. The congratulatory memorials were written in fine regular script and a golden post was tagged on it, bearing the dates and imperial seal.
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- A.D.1821, Qing dynasty