This part of the exhibition introduces the early period of Taiwanese history before and after its incorporation into the Ch’ing Empire in 1683. Major items include documents of four generations of Koxinga’s line, maps of the island, The General Paintings of Taiwan’s Aboriginal Peoples, which record the social and cultural aspects of aboriginals during the 17th and 18th century, and aboriginal-relating artifacts collected by fellows of the Institute in the 1930s.